The NIH has a review that is double of applications, the GAO report explains. The level that is first of occurs in committees with members who possess expertise within the subject of the application. Significantly more than 40,000 applications are submitted into the NIH each year, and every committee (there are about 100, with 18 to 20 members per committee) reviews up to 100 applications. The agency usually follows the recommendations of this committee in approving grant applications. Then there is a secondary degree of review, by an advisory council, consisting of external scientists and lay people in most people, including patient-group advocates and also the clergy. Peer report on continuing grants occur during the same time as new projects.
National Science Foundation peer report about grants
The National Science Foundation uses the concept of merit as part of its peer review process, the GAO report says. Experts in the field review grant applications submitted to NSF and figure out if the proposals meet certain criteria, like the intellectual merit associated with proposed activity, such as for instance its importance in advancing knowledge; the qualifications associated with proposing scientist; together with extent to that the project is creative and original. The criteria also inquire about the broader impacts associated with proposal, including how it advances discovery while promoting teaching, and how it benefits society. Read more